Sonic the Hedgehog

Sonic is the mascot character of the video game company Sega. The name is also the title of several entries in the Sonic the Hedgehog series of video games, and of several spin-off comic books and animated cartoons based on the game franchise.

The series began in 1991 with the release of Sonic the Hedgehog on the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis. An 8-bit version of the game was also released for the Master System and Game Gear formats.

Yuji Naka (who would later become head of the Sonic Team division) was the main programmer for the first game. The "game planner" was Hirokazu Yasuhara. The music of the first two Sonic the Hedgehog games on the Mega Drive and Genesis was composed by Masato Nakamura of the Japanese band Dreams Come True.The premise of the games revolves around Doctor Eggman (called Doctor Ivo Robotnik in the earlier releases in North America, Europe, Australia

and New Zealand) trying to conquer the Earth by turning the animals into robots (often called Badniks, though this is an US/EUR term and hasn't been used since Sonic Adventure). Sonic is charged with saving them.

In later games he is joined by Miles "Tails" Prower, Amy Rose, Knuckles the Echidna, Cream the Rabbit, Team Chaotix and a host of other characters. He usually collects the Chaos Emeralds (usually from the Special Stages) in order to achieve the best ending in the game, as well as become his most powerful form, Super Sonic. In this state, he is completely immune to all enemies and obstacles (although he can still be killed by falling into pits, being crushed and drowning), gains the ability of flight in certain circumstances, and the unique skill of breathing in space. However, Sonic's quest does not necessitate collecting the Emeralds himself; he must only prevent Eggman from getting them and dooming the world with their power. Sonic also has to deal with numerous other foes, such as Metal Sonic, Chaos, Fang the Sniper and Black Doom . Two other major characters in the series are the Anti-Heroes Shadow the Hedgehog and Rouge the Bat, who usually oppose Sonic and his friends but will aid them when the situation calls for it.

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